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Types of Epilepsy

Epilepsy is broadly classified into two different types, generalised epilepsy and focal epilepsy.

Generalised Epilepsy: the most common type of general epilepsy is generalised tonic clonic seizures; where the patient loses consciousness during a seizure.

In most cases, there is no identifiable cause of epilepsy. It is generally treatable but is potentially lethal if not treated.

Focal Epilepsy: in this type of epilepsy, there is no loss of consciousness. It sometimes involves clouding of consciousness (state of confusion). It is not as dangerous as generalised epilepsy.

Things / Activities To Avoid If You Are Diagnosed With Epilepsy:

— driving
— handling firearms
— operating dangerous machinery
— swimming alone
— bathing in a tub

Living With An Epileptic Person:

There are some things that you need to know if you are living with a person with epilepsy. Knowing the DO’s and DON’Ts during a seizure is of paramount importance.

During a seizure:
— Do NOT stuff things into the person’s mouth
— Do NOT try to subdue the fit / seizure by holding the person down


DR MR MUDAU INC. is a specialist neurological assessment Centre situated at Medforum Hospital in central Pretoria.

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